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HTTP Authentication

EMQX supports password authentication through external HTTP services. When a client connects, EMQX constructs an HTTP request using the client information and determines the authentication result based on the content returned by the request, enabling complex authentication and authorization logic.

How HTTP Authentication Works

The authentication process is similar to an HTTP API call, where EMQX, acting as the requesting client, needs to construct a request in the format required by the "API" and initiate it to the HTTP service. The HTTP service, in turn, must return results according to the "client's" requirements:

  • The response content-type must be application/json.
  • The authentication result is indicated in the body with result, which can be allow, deny, or ignore.
  • The HTTP response status code should be 200 or 204. A 4xx/5xx status code will ignore the body and treat the result as ignore, continuing with the authentication chain.

Example response:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Headers: Content-Type: application/json
    "result": "allow", // Options: "allow" | "deny" | "ignore"
    "is_superuser": true // Options: true | false, defaults to false if null

Configure HTTP Authentication

In the deployment, click Access Control -> Authentication -> Extended Authentication, select HTTP Authentication, and click Configure.

For identity verification, EMQX Platform will use the current client information to fill and initiate the user-configured authentication query request, querying the client's authentication data on the HTTP server side.

You can complete the related configurations as follows:

  • Method: Choose the HTTP request method, options: get, post.


    The POST method is recommended. Using the GET method may expose some sensitive information (such as plain text passwords) through HTTP server logs. Moreover, use HTTPS for untrusted environments.

  • URL: Enter the URL address of the HTTP service.

  • Headers (Optional): HTTP request header configuration. Multiple headers can be added.

  • Connection Configurations: Configure concurrent connections, connection timeout, maximum HTTP request numbers, and request timeout duration here.

    • Enable TLS: Configure whether to enable TLS.
    • Connection Pool Size (Optional): An integer specifying the number of concurrent connections from EMQX nodes to the external HTTP Server; default value: 8.
    • Connection Timeout (Optional): Enter the connection timeout duration, and available units: hours, minutes, seconds, milliseconds.
    • HTTP Pipeline (Optional): A positive integer specifying the maximum number of HTTP requests that can be made without waiting for a response; default value: 100.
    • Request Timeout (Optional): Enter the request timeout duration, and available units: hours, minutes, seconds, milliseconds.
    • Body: Request template. For POST requests, it is sent in JSON format in the request body. For GET requests, it is encoded as query parameters in the URL. Mapping keys and values can use placeholders.


  • If the current deployment is a dedicated edition, create a VPC Peering Connection, and fill in the internal network address as the server address.
  • If the current deployment is a BYOC edition, you need to create a VPC Peering Connection in your public cloud console. For details, refer to the section Creating BYOC Deployment - VPC Peering Connection Configuration. Fill in the internal network address as the server address.
  • If you see an "Init resource failure!" message, please check if the server address is correct and if the security group is open.