Skip to content

Ingest MQTT Data into HTTP Server

The HTTP Service Data Integration in EMQX Platform offers a quick way to integrate EMQX with external HTTP services. It supports flexible configuration of request methods and request data formats, offers secure communication through HTTPS, and provides authentication mechanisms. It can efficiently and flexibly transmit client messages and event data in real-time, enabling scenarios such as IoT device state notifications, alert notifications, and data integration.

This page provides a detailed introduction to the functional features of HTTP Service Data Integration. It also offers practical guidance for creating the data integration, including creating an HTTP Server connector, creating rules, and testing rules.

How It Works

HTTP Service Data Integration is an out-of-the-box feature in EMQX Platform that can be easily configured for integrating EMQX with external services. With HTTP Services, users can write code in their preferred programming languages and frameworks to implement custom, flexible, and complex data processing logic.

http frame

EMQX Platform forwards device events and data to HTTP services through configured data integration, with the following workflow:

  1. Device Connects to EMQX Platform: When IoT devices successfully connect, an online event is triggered, including information such as the device ID, source IP address, and other attributes.
  2. Device Publishes Messages: Devices report telemetry and status data to EMQX Platform and trigger rules by publishing messages to specific topics through the MQTT protocol.
  3. Rule Engine Processes Messages: The built-in rule engine can process messages and events from specific sources based on topic matching. The rule engine matches the corresponding rules and processes messages and events, such as converting data formats, filtering specific information, or enriching messages with context information.
  4. Sent to HTTP Service: The triggering of rules sends messages to HTTP service events. Users can extract data from the results of rule processing, dynamically construct request headers, bodies, or even URLs, achieving flexible integration of data with external services.

After events and message data are sent to the HTTP service, you can flexibly process them, such as:

  • Implementing device status updates and event recording, and developing device management systems based on data.
  • Writing message data into databases to achieve lightweight data storage functionality.
  • For abnormal data filtered by rule SQL, you can directly call the alarm notification system through the HTTP service for device anomaly monitoring.

Features and Advantages

Using EMQX Platform’s HTTP Service Integration brings the following advantages to your business:

  • Pass data to more downstream systems: HTTP services can easily integrate MQTT data into more external systems, such as analytics platforms, cloud services, etc., realizing multi-system data distribution.
  • Real-time response and triggering of business processes: Through HTTP services, external systems can receive MQTT data in real-time and trigger business processes for rapid response. For example, receiving alarm data and triggering business workflows.
  • Custom data processing: External systems can perform secondary processing of received data as needed, implementing more complex business logic, unrestricted by EMQX's capabilities.
  • Loosely coupled integration: HTTP services use simple HTTP interfaces, offering a loosely coupled system integration method.

In summary, HTTP services provide real-time, flexible, and customizable data integration capabilities, meeting the needs of flexible and rich application development.

Before You Start

This section introduces the preparatory work needed to create HTTP Service Data Integration in EMQX Platform.


Set up Network

Before you start, you need to create a deployment (EMQX cluster) on the EMQX Platform and configure the network.

  • For Dedicated deployment users: First, create a VPC Peering Connection. After establishing the peering connection, you can log in to the Platform Console via the internal network IP to access the target connector. Alternatively, set up a NAT Gateway to access the target connector through a public IP.
  • For BYOC (Bring Your Own Cloud) deployment users: Establish a peering connection between the VPC where BYOC is deployed and the VPC where the target connector is located. After creating the peering connection, you can access the target connector via the internal network IP. If you need to access resources via a public IP address, configure a NAT gateway for the VPC where BYOC is deployed in the public cloud console.

Set up a Simple HTTP Service

Use the following example to create a simple web server.

from http.server import HTTPServer, BaseHTTPRequestHandler

class SimpleHTTPRequestHandler(BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
    def do_GET(self):
       self.wfile.write(b'Hello, world!')

    def do_POST(self):
       content_length = int(self.headers['Content-Length'])
       body =
       print("Received POST request with body: " + str(body))

httpd = HTTPServer(('', 8080), SimpleHTTPRequestHandler)

Create an HTTP Server Connector

Before creating data integration rules, you need to create an HTTP Server connector for accessing HTTP services.

  1. Go to your deployment. Click Data Integration from the left-navigation menu.
  2. If it is the first time for you to create a connector, select HTTP Server under the Web Service category. If you have already created connectors, select New Connector and then select HTTP Service under the Web Service category.
  3. On the New Connector page, configure the following options:
    • Connector Name: The system will automatically generate a connector name, or you can name it yourself. In this example, you can use my_httpserver.
    • URL: Fill in the URL, ensuring your Web service can be normally accessed through the network.
    • Use default values for other settings. You can configure the keys and values of the HTTP request header as needed.
  4. Click the Test button to test connection. If the Web service is accessible, a success prompt will be returned.
  5. Click the New button to complete the creation.

Create a Rule

Next, you need to create a rule to specify the data to be written and add corresponding actions in the rule to forward the processed data to the HTTP Server.

  1. Click New Rule in Rules area or click the New Rule icon in the Actions column of the connector you just created.

  2. Enter the rule matching SQL statement in the SQL Editor. The following SQL example reads the message reporting time, client ID, message body (Payload), and temperature and humidity from the body from messages sent to the temp_hum/emqx topic.

    timestamp as up_timestamp, clientid as client_id, payload.temp as temp, payload.hum as hum

    You can use Enable Test to simulate data input and test the results.

  3. Click Next to add an action.

  4. Select the connector you just created from the Connector dropdown box.

  5. Configure the following information:

    • Action Name: The system will automatically generate an action name, or you can name it yourself.

    • Method: Select POST for the HTTP request method.

    • URL Path: You can also set an individual request path for this action.

    • Headers: The action can have its own request headers set, or use the connector's configured headers directly.

    • Body: Set the request body as the following message content template, adding the fields output from the rule into the action's request body.

      {"up_timestamp": ${up_timestamp}, "client_id": ${client_id}, "temp": ${temp}, "hum": ${hum}}
  6. Click the Confirm button to complete the rule creation.

  7. In the Successful new rule pop-up, click Back to Rules, thus completing the entire data integration configuration chain.

Test the Rule

You are recommended to use MQTTX to simulate temperature and humidity data reporting, but you can also use any other client.

  1. Use MQTTX to connect to the deployment and send messages to the following Topic.

    • topic: temp_hum/emqx

    • payload:

        "temp": "27.5",
        "hum": "41.8"
  2. Check if the message has been forwarded to the HTTP service:

    Received POST request with body: b'[\n "temp": "27.5",\n "hum": "41.8"\n) - -[18/Dec/2023 14:50:44]"POST  HTTP/1.1" 201 -
  3. View the operational data in the console. Click the rule ID in the rule list, and you can see the statistics of the rule and the statistics of all actions under this rule.